Ecotoxicological data include also field or semi-field tests on the behavior of the plant protection products towards non-target organisms.
S.P.F. is authorized by the Italian Ministry of Health to perform field and/or semi-field studies to verify the toxicity on bees, their behavior during foraging and check the brood development.
On request are supplied also residue data on the bees, the pollen, the honey or the wax.
The selectivity studies on non-target arthropods, different than bees, can be done either in small plots (e.g. predatory mites etc.) or on a large scale by checking in the latter case all the forms of non-target organisms.